History of Canon

Canon’s Roots

Canon’s roots were laid in 1933 with very few employees as a precision optical instruments lab. The Laboratory was founded in 1933 in a third-floor apartment of the Takekawaya Building in Roppongi, Azabu Ward, Tokyo. Its objective was to produce high-grade cameras.

A young man named Goro Yoshida, a passionate camera-lover; and his brother-in-law, Saburo Uchida, set up the Laboratory jointly. Their aim was to make cameras that could compete with the German models that were considered the most advanced of the day.

They started by analyzing existing cameras, which were difficult to obtain. Systematically, they studied each camera’s internal workings, examined mechanisms, drew up design diagrams and procured parts. Takeshi Mitarai, a close friend of Uchida provided the funds required for the research. Mitarai later became president of the company and built its foundation.

It then went on to become a renowned camera making company. When it grew and decided to diversify its business plans it had to shed its image of a company that manufactured only cameras, therefore the top brass of the company decided to take on the name Canon Inc in 1969. The year1969 was also the year that canon forayed into business machines and eventually into the printing business.

Product Chronology

To go through a brief chronology of Canon’s printing and copying history – Canon successfully developed the laser beam printer in 1975. In 1982, the PC-10 and PC-20, the world’s first personal copying machines with replaceable cartridges, were introduced. Canon, in collaboration with IBM Japan, Ltd., developed the world’s first notebook PC with an installed printer in 1993.

Bubble Jet Discovery

One of canon’s most interesting discoveries in the field of printing technology was the bubble jet printing technology. Researchers while working on the inkjet printing technology hit upon the discovery when a hot solder gun accidentally touched the tip of an ink-filled needle due to which ink sprayed out! Therefore, the researchers concluded that heat instead of pressure could be used to eject the ink on the media.
The development of this technology gave the world it’s first bubblejet printer in 1981.

Laser Beam Printing

Another important technology in the field of printing by Canon was the development of laser beam printers (LBP). It started research on laser as a means of writing as early as 1962. However it was unable to develop a practical laser source and hence could not acquire the patents it had applied for due to which the research and development was suspended.

In the 1970s when lasers came into practical application fields Canon resumed its research on laser beam printers and developed the LBP’s of today combining their electro photographic technologies with laser technology.

The development of lasers imprinting also gave birth to a number of high-speed copy machines by Canon such as The NP-8500, the world’s first retention-type copying machine in 1978.

The NP-8500 SUPER, an ultrahigh speed-copying machine capable of producing 135 copies per minute 1981; and the PC-10 and PC-20, the world’s first personal copying machines with replaceable cartridges were introduced by Canon in 1982.

In 1984 Canon gave the world its LBP-8/CX, the smallest and lightest laser beam printer.

Today Canon develops technology that couples direct printing options from Cell phones equipped with a digital camera, hence integrating printing technology with photography! One such latest technology is the direct wireless printing from a camera! The printing is achieved using infrared and Bluetooth communication technology embedded in the cell phones or PCs. Being wireless no cables are required, and the image quality parallels that of printouts from PCs using memory cards.

One important feature Canon uses to achieve real true to life image quality on paper is:

Color reproduction: The color range of digital cameras (YCC) is much wider, making it possible to capture a vast amount of color information when shooting. To achieve similar quality Canon added red ink and green ink, which offers high brightness and chromaticity, to the six existing inks in their inkjet printers, raising the saturation of the red and green output range by 1.6 times and 1.2 times respectively. The result is photo image output with improved depth and translucence, and color reproduction comparable to that of prints from photo film.

Mobile ERP Applications

Help enterprises achieve more precision in data capturing

With a mobile ERP solution, it becomes simple for businesses or employees to save every crucial data related to the operations and enter every information precisely as they get from the production value chain. Thus, there is absolutely no need for the employees or executives from any part of the operations to re-enter all information or data into their back-end system.

Brings efficiency in operations with uniform data accessibility

Employees in the organisations having ERP applications on the go on mobile devices can access any information any time readily when needed. They can retrieve any data or acquire information about any business process or a particular department in a flick when their work requires so. Further, mobile ERP solutions remove all the paper works and save time to spend on other productive areas.

Empowers the employees to help them become productive

A mobile solution of ERP proved to make employees more efficient than ever because it enables them to handle all quotes and take care of the orders and propositions just at their fingertips. Mobile solutions also empower the employees in the sales department in closing the agreements. It helps them to follow-up the orders, get accurate order details and have real-time customer data, which are necessary for closing.

Administrative management will get a major boost

Compared to web-based solutions, mobile ERPs deliver more agile and improved administration of their enterprises. It helps management executives with full and real-time access to customer history, purchase stories, upkeep contracts, materials procurement and items information base. Large-size businesses or conglomerates having a vast number of employees and large-scale operations pay huge costs due to mismanagement. A mobile ERP solution that is available or accessible all the time to administrative officers results in a strict centralised supervision of daily activities and remove any miscommunications, mismanaged funds or operational lags.

Developing Awesome Mobile Apps

Test your product

Once you are done with an app, you shouldn’t launch it unless you have passed it through important tests. So, it’s a good idea to use a good tool for testing purpose.

Motivate your users

While it’s better for you to get motivated, make sure you motivate your users as well. What you need to do is find out what motivates them the most. This way you can have a solid base for making an awesome user experience with your apps.

Consider offline experience

Know that some apps offer great benefits even if the user is offline. For instance, popular apps like Evernote and WorkFlowy work great even without the access to the Internet.

The point is that this is the design practice that today’s developers should aim at. In other words, the applications should provide value even if the user doesn’t have access to the web.

Make it easy to use

Although 50% of citizens of the USA own mobile phones, know that not all of them know how to use their phones in the best way possible. Most of them are not expert users. So, what we want to say is that your app should be as easy to use as possible so that even a first time user could get the hang of it.

Make it quite simple

As soon as you have a design ready, make sure you have a family member or a friend use it. How did he feel while using it? What did they say about it? Did they find it easy to use? Make a note of what they say and follow it while making improvements to your product.

Consider both the platforms

The usage pattern of Android users is different from that of iPhone users. Be sure your design pattern suits the OS you are going to launch it on. One size may not fit everyone.

ECM Market Is Shifting to Content Integration Services

The reason for this lies in the way organizations store content. Content is created and processed in a large number of systems: archiving systems, digital asset management systems, enterprise content management, web content management, case management systems, customer relationship management, digital marketing, product information management systems, collaboration, file shares, cloud storage and so on. The content is stored in these systems and processed for three types of purposes:

  • Archiving
  • Use in dynamic processes
  • Collaboration

Often, because of historical reasons, organizations also have several systems that serve all, or parts of the same purpose. The consequence of this situation is that users spend a large part of their time searching for the right content or losing content because it is not clear in which system it was created, or where it is stored. Besides that, the amount of content grows on a daily basis.

“One content repository”

In the last two decades, organizations have started ECM consolidation projects and large systems have been introduced to migrate all content from these various systems into one central system. The goal is that users have access to all the content they need to do their task efficiently from one place; that content can be easily and unambiguously found; and that organizations can ensure that they comply with legal rules and regulations regarding privacy, retention periods and access control.

However, the idea of storing all the content in one content repository is not feasible in practice. Consolidation projects require a lot of money than expected, ambitions often get curbed or the project is canceled. In many cases, the only result gained from an attempted consolidation is that the organization now has an extra system in which content is stored, instead of one system that includes all content.

The reason for the failure of these projects lies in the various goals that have to be served by such a monolithic system. The requirements for the three goals (archiving, use in dynamic processes and collaboration) appear to be so diverse and sometimes contradictory that it is very difficult to bring them together in one system and to provide access to all related applications and processes.

In addition to the above complexity, a number of technological developments such as the cloud, bring-your-own-device and bring-your-own-storage, have increased the problem: There are even more systems and devices from where a user wants to access content and there are more systems in which content is stored.

The objectives behind the “one content repository” projects still exist: Organizations have the need to provide users with efficient and simple access to all the content needed to carry out their work. Instead of migrating everything to a central system, organizations are now looking at ways to integrate content from various sources and retrieve it in real-time.

Analysts, such as Gartner, have also identified this trend and, therefore, identified a new product segment: content integration services. Gartner recently published a new report called “Hype Cycle for the Digital Workplace” in which the analyst identifies content integration services as “emerging technology”. According to Gartner, between 1 and 5 percent of all organizations currently need such technology. Moreover, Gartner expects this technology to become mainstream within the next five to 10 years.

Content Integration Services

The idea behind content integration services is that content stays in its source system and that integration is realized when there is a need to access content through a different repository. In the example of the service department, this means that the service employee can access the content that is stored in different repositories through one preferred interface. But you could identify countless cases for which content integration is useful. Consider, for example, business users who would like to use file-sync-and-share (EFSS) solutions such as Dropbox and Box in their daily work. In many cases, company policy prohibits them from storing copies of business documents in a cloud storage application. With the help of content integration, organizations can allow their users to access the content stored on the back-end (on-premise) ECM system through the EFSS tool.


To realize content integration with various repositories, developers need to know the API and/or database behind each repository. The interfaces of many systems are limited, not publicly available, poorly documented or very closely linked to the internal representation of the content. The learning curve to be able to build integrations with the existing product-specific interfaces is very steep and must be taken for every system that needs to be integrated. Some vendors therefore offer a single API with one content model to a large number of different content repositories, with which developers can easily build their own integrations. Because developers only have to learn one API, both experienced and inexperienced developers can achieve more results in the same time.

Benefits of Making a VIN Decoder

Quicker accessibility to the desired info

Everyone loves a UI that allows him or her to perform a quick search. VIN allows users to do the same.

Users may use the VIN to access the maintenance history, find out about the driver of the vehicle and many other tasks. If your company has a fleet of thousands of vehicles, it may be beneficial for you to have a VIN decoder. After all, user experience is the most things for any business owner. In fact, the success of a business depends on it, partly.

Quicker additions

For each vehicle, tracking down the specs and details and then entering that info into the software system is not an efficient approach. Given below are some problems:

With no OEM connections, it’s difficult to find specific information about a vehicle.

It takes a good deal of time to manually enter all the details. It also involves higher chances of error.

If you add a VIN decoder to your application, users will be able to enter the VIN and get the rest of the info filled in automatically. This way, your customers can save time and enjoy a higher level of accuracy at the same time.

Faster search and decoding

At times, your customers may want to add information about multiple vehicles at the same time. Based on the list size, it may take them hours to make all the entries. Luckily, the majority of VIN decoders allow the decoding of multiple entries at the same time.

Cleaning the details & specs

In some cases, your clients may experience some discrepancies in the information, inconsistent descriptions of the vehicle or blank fields. On the other hand, a Vehicle Identification Number solution works with the data 24/7. Plus, they are in touch with all the OEMs in order to make sure accurate data is provided.

So, if you make a VIN decoder part of your software, you can let your customer clean the specs and details of vehicles, fill in the blank fields and correct the existing descriptions with ease.

Basics Of A Data Logger

A data logger is defined as an electronic computerized device that records data over a predetermined amount of time. Depending on the job, some data loggers are small while larger machines are used for more extensive research. These units acquire data according to the programming and store it into memory or a storage unit. This memory can be set to accommodate days, weeks or even months without ever having human intervention. Modern data loggers use a battery to promote storage in the units memory Older models use paper or disks, but technology has all but rendered these earlier models extinct.

Data loggers are so accurate that, in addition to recording detailed information, they often provide a time and date indicator to ensure that all of the recorded data can be broken down and associated with a specific date and time for informational research purposes. This is possible because of their built in clocks, which easily provide an accurate reading.

From the simplest of device to a complex unit, data loggers offer a wide range of flexibility for nearly any data retrieval job. The more simple devices are, as expected, easier to program. The more complex the unit, the more work that is involved. Some of the most modern data loggers offer website capabilities, which allow individuals to surf onto a website and monitor the tracking system. This works well for users who enjoy real time information, including weather data, web cams, etc.

During harsh weather conditions, troublesome water levels or other concerns, a data logger can be linked to devices, including modems, cell phones or satellites. This capability can keep individuals updated on the status of weather conditions, but also alert them if immediate attention is required. If you ever notice a weather warning interrupt a radio station or television broadcast, that information is coming from a data logger that is responsible for monitoring weather conditions. The information is then relayed to the meteorologist, who gets the information out to the public.

As individuals, it is difficult to realize the complex nature of data loggers and their responsibilities. But, without them, we would certainly become aware of their absence. Without a way to measure such important data factors, without an efficient way to report them and research certain data, we would be forever uninformed.

AMD Athlon Motherboards

  • ASUS A8N-SLI. The ASUS P5ND2-SLI Deluxe is an all new AMD 64-bit Socket 939 platform which gives leading performance with multimedia applications. With SLI PCI Express graphics, Serial ATA RAID, dual Ethernet, 6-channel audio, IEEE 1394, USB2.0 – you can just imagine what power you can get out of this one.
  • MSI K7N2G-ILSR. The MSI K7N2G-ILSR offers ard offers a combination of performance and flexibility at a reasonable price. Everything you need is built in: AGP 8X, Serial ATA RAID, dual Ethernet, 6-channel audio, IEEE 1394, USB2.0 and the nForce2 integrated graphics processor. Highly recommended.
  • Chaintech SK8T800. Chaintech has always made quality motherboards and the SK8T800 is no exception. A Socket 754 platform, this board provides AGP 4X/8X support and incorporates a long list of features. It has performed very well in various benchmark tests too. Overall, a solid motherboard at a very good price.
  • ABIT NF7-S2. The ABIT NF7-S2 is designed with the overclocker in mind. Standard stuff is all there: AGP 8x, dual-channel DDR, Serial ATA, 6 channel audio with Dolby Digital 5.1, USB 2.0 and IEEE 1394. Do take note that you buy a board that is version 1.2 or higher. Overclocking was touted to be problem in earlier versions.
  • Gigabyte GA-K8U. The Gigabyte GA-K8U represents great value for money. Run an AMD Athlon 64 processor with DDR400 memory, SATA hard drive, AGP 8X video, built-in audio sound and high speed USB 2.0 support. This Socket 754 board is best suited for those on a budget but who still want great performance.

So which motherboard do you choose out of the five? Well, if you want extreme performance and screamingly fast speed, then you’ll certainly want to get the ASUS A8N-SLI. For those looking for a better price, I’d say the MSI K7N2G-ILSR and Chaintech SK8T800 are good choices. However, its always best to do your homework. Check out the motherboard manufacturer’s website and make sure you do sufficient research before buying.

Video Cards and Related Technologies

The Chips

The chip is the heart of the video card. It is where all the processing is done. It also makes 3D acceleration possible. The chip is to the video card, what the processor is to the computer. Of the two major chip manufacturers, ATI and NVIDIA, the former is well known for high quality and great technology.


The information must travel through tunnels called ‘pipes’, before it can be converted. On one end it starts as raw data and ends up at the opposite end in a format that is compatible with the monitor. On its way, the data undergoes the conversion process. The greater the number of pipes, the more data that can be converted simultaneously.

The amount of data that a pipe can hold is called its Memory Interface. A pipe with a 128 bit interface can process more data than one with a 64 bit interface.


The memory is used to store temporary or transient information. Video information, being very data heavy, needs more memory. The two main types of memory are SDRAM and DDR RAM. DDR is superior as it can transmit information faster.

ATI Technology

An ATI card will offer many technologies that will significantly enhance your video experience. ATI’s cards are fully compatible with all the latest 3D technologies and do not rely on your computer’s CPU to process information, as do some of the entry-level cards.


This technology will unleash a new generation of visual effects on your computer. Realistic graphics with breathtaking 3D effects are possible with SmartShader™. DVD movies can be viewed to better effect with it too.


SmartVision® has the effect of removing jagged edges, improving the image, bringing its finer details to light.


This is the latest technology [http://electronics-warehouse.info] in video processing, which is particularly for the Internet and video playback processing. It greatly improves the quality and performance of streaming video.

Antivirus Software

Some companies allow free download of their software for a particular period. This is mostly when the software is newly launched in the market. This is an effective publicity and marketing strategy. The basic difference between an antivirus and firewall software is that antivirus software eliminates the viruses and threats and repairs your computer while firewall software completely disallows the threats and viruses to enter your system. You can buy the highly advanced software systems from the market. However, if you are not keen in spending money on it and want to consider downloading some of the free versions then you can easily do so. There are many websites available that offer free software download. These are some of the basic ones. However, you can easily upgrade them by paying affordable prices.

ZoneAlarm is one of the most powerful and efficient antivirus software that can be downloaded for free. It has also got a 5 star rating and is very easy to use with a user friendly interface. It is also a very flexible program as the users can select the best program or security levels according to their PC requirements. After the successful installation of this software you can easily start using your PC without any alterations or problems. Normally a pop up box will always appear on the screen if you are about to access any program which seems to be suspicious. ZoneAlarm is offered for free however, you can easily upgrade your software by paying some extra amount. The other software that can be downloaded for free is Online Armor Free. It is also very popular because it is easy to use and the installation procedure is also very simple. However, it is a very basic software and does not provide facilities like online banking protection, email filtering and anti-malware protection. If you want all these features to be included then you will have to opt for the paid versions of this particular software. Thus, this was some important information about firewall software and some of the best antivirus software that can be downloaded for free.

Backup Your Hard Drive


If you have Windows XP you will need to install the new Windows backup utility from the Windows XP cdrom. Just place the WinXP cdrom in your cdrom drive and locate the line D:VALEADDMSFTNTBACKUP.

Here you see the first letter as D but if your optical drive has a different drive letter, exchange the D with your drive’s letter. To install the utility, click on the file named NTBackup.msi.

The backup utility will be installed to the system tools group. Click Start, All Programs, Accessories, System Tools, and Backup. There is a neat wizard that will walk you through the backup process.

WinXP’s backup utility will backup your entire hard drive and will make a recovery disk to boot.

One neat third party backup software you can try is NewTech InfoSystems at http://www.ntius.com where you can download their trial version and put it to use for 30 days. And if it’s your cup of tea, the full version will run you about $79.95


You should back up your entire hard drive when you perform your first backup. After that it is best to perform an Incremental backup. This type of backup only allows you to backup files that have changed since your last performed backup.

Differential Backups copy changed files that have been added since you last did your entire backup. This type of backup is more detailed than incremental backups and is easier to restore.


You can backup your files on cdroms and have the files compressed to save both space and backup time. WinXP will compress folders, subfolders, and files during backup.

You can purchase compression software that will do the same, saving you cdrom storage space. The compressed files are automatically uncompressed once they are restored onto your hard drive.

You can also use a second hard drive as your backup storage device. We use two backup hard drives to be certain Ultimate PC Repair is up and running 24/7.

You can either purchase an internal hard drive and install it to your ide cable, or you may want to purchase an external hard drive that connects to your Universal Serial Bus or USB Port.

The advantage of the external drives is that they have very large amounts of storage space, transfer data fast, and can be moved from your computer to any other computer.

We use the Western Digital 170 Gigabyte External Hard Drive and we simply bounce it around to either one of our four computers with the greatest of ease.


You may also consider online services for backing up your data. If you lose all your backup data, say due to a natural disaster such as a flood, your online data is right there waiting for you.

Another advantage of online backups is that you can access, upload, or download your data from any location. It is best to use high speed internet access if you’re considering online data storage.

One such online backup service is Istorage located at http://www.iomega.com/istorage and charges from $2.49 a month for 50MBs to $17.95 a month for a big 1,000MBs of storage.

Or you can check out FilesAnywhere located at the url http://www.filesanywhere.com

Still another online service to try is CapSure located at http://www.capsure.com

Backup your system now in one way or another if you have not done so. If you have critical data that you simply cannot do without, take the time to invest in a backup device or one of the many online backup services.

Stop and perform those backups as soon as possible. You will be thankful you did should something go wrong with your computer. It’s always better to be safe than sorry.